SJTs measure behavioral fit to a given role by assessing the candidate’s judgment of the most appropriate action in workplace situations. The test presents candidates with real situations they will encounter on the job and viable options for handling each situation. Candidates are asked to select the most and/or least effective ways of handling the situation from the options provided.
Situational judgment tests are typically administered in text or multimedia formats, including presentation of both the scenario and the multiple-choice response options. These tests are short screening tools that help organizations manage applications while enhancing the candidate experience. SJTs are most helpful early in the assessment process, sifting out candidates who do not possess the minimum level of behavioral fit to the role, company, or culture. SJTs may be combined with other tests to assess behavioral fit and ability in the initial sifting stage to focus managers on the best candidates.